Off-Site Direct-to-Consumer Shipping Summary

The following state-by-state list of off-site shipping provisions and carriers is provided as a tool to better understand who ships where for wineries to consumers; it should not be considered as legal advice. If you have questions regarding the legality of shipping to certain states, please call Wine Institute’s State Relations Department at (415) 356-7530.

State Fee Volume
Limit
Product
Reg.
Sales
Tax
Excise
Tax
Carrier Comments
AL Prohibited N/A N/A N/A N/A None
AK No Permit Required a reasonable amount N N N FedEx
UPS
AZ $175-$225 9 cases per purchaser per year N Y Y FedEx
UPS
AR Prohibited N/A N/A N/A N/A None* Open-Permit On-Site Shipment State
CA $10 Unlimited N Y Y FedEx
UPS
$10 DTC Permit or
CA Winegrower License Required
CO $100 Unlimited N N Y FedEx
UPS
Wineries may opt to collect sales tax to avoid the need to comply with the notice and reporting requirements.
CT $315 - $415 2 cases per person per 2 months Y Y Y FedEx
UPS
DE Prohibited N/A N/A N/A N/A None* Federal On-Site Shipment State
DC No Permit Required 1 case per person per month N N N FedEx
UPS
FL No Permit Required unlimited N N Y FedEx
UPS
GA $50 12 cases per person or address per calendar year Y Y Y FedEx
UPS
Permit Not Required for On-Site Sales
HI $48 -$180 6 cases per household address per year N Y Y FedEx
UPS
A separate permit is required for each county.
ID $25 -$50 24 cases per person per calendar year N Y Y FedEx
UPS
IL $350 -$1500 12 cases per person per calendar year Y Y Y FedEx
UPS
IN $100 -$500 5,000 total cases per winery per permit year aggregate limit N Y Y FedEx
UPS
IA $25 unlimited N N Y FedEx
UPS
KS $110-$150 12 cases per address or consumer per calendar year N Y Y FedEx
UPS
Permit Not Required for On-Site Sales
KY Prohibited N/A N/A N/A N/A None
LA $400 12 cases per person per calendar year Y Y Y FedEx
UPS
ME $50 - $300 12 cases per address per calendar year Y Y Y FedEx
UPS
MD $200 18 cases per address per year Y Y Y FedEx
UPS
MA $150 -$300 12 cases per person per year N N Y FedEx
UPS
MI $100 - $170 1500 total cases per winery per year aggregate limit Y Y Y FedEx
UPS
MN No Permit Required 2 cases per person per calendar year N N N FedEx
UPS
MS Prohibited N/A N/A N/A N//A None
MO $0 2 cases per person per calendar year N N Y FedEx
UPS
MT $50 18 cases per person per year Y N Y FedEx
UPS
NE $500 1 case per person per month Y Y Y FedEx
UPS
NV $50 12 cases per person per year N Y Y FedEx
UPS
NH $100 12 cases per person per calendar year N Y N FedEx
UPS
NJ $938 12 cases per person per year Y Y Y FedEx
UPS
Only wineries producing 250,000 gallons/yr or less may ship to consumers.
NM $50 2 cases per person per month N Y Y FedEx
UPS
NY $375 up to 36 cases per person per calendar year N Y Y FedEx
UPS
NC $0 2 cases per person per month Y Y Y FedEx
UPS
Permit Not Required for On-Site Sales
ND $50 3 cases per person per month N Y Y FedEx
UPS
OH $25 24 case consumer aggregate volume limit Y Y Y FedEx
UPS
Only wineries producing 250,000 gallons/yr or less may ship to consumers.
OK Prohibited N/A N/A N/A N/A None* Federal On-Site Shipment State
OR $50 2 cases per person per month N N Y FedEx
UPS
PA $250 36 cases per person per calendar year N Y Y FedEx
UPS
RI Prohibited N/A N/A N/A N/A None* Open-Limited on-Site Shipment State
SC $600 2 cases per person per month N Y Y FedEx
UPS
SD $100 12 cases per person per calendar year Y Y Y FedEx
UPS
TN $150 -$450 1 case per person per month, 3 cases per person per year Y Y Y FedEx
UPS
TX $526 9 gallons per person per month, total shipments cannot exceed 36 gallons per person annually N Y Y FedEx
UPS
UT Prohibited N/A N/A N/A N/A None
VT $330 12 cases per person per year N Y Y FedEx
UPS
VA $230 - $425 2 cases per person per month Y Y Y FedEx
UPS
WA $100 unlimited N Y Y FedEx
UPS
WV $150 - $250 2 cases per person per month Y Y Y FedEx
UPS
WI $200 12 cases per person per year N Y Y FedEx
UPS
WY $50 4 cases per household address in any 12-month period N Y N FedEx
UPS

Table Key

  • Open – Limited
  • Open – Permit
  • Prohibited

Permit Fee: Winery must obtain a license from the state in order to ship off-site wine sales directly to consumers.

Volume Limit: There is a limit on volume of total off-site shipments from a winery to each consumer over a specified period of time.

Excise Tax: Shipments to this region require excise tax to be paid on sales of wine.

Sales Tax: Shipments to this region require excise tax to be paid on sales of wine.

Product Reg.: Product labels to be officially registered or identified and submitted to appropriate agency before shipping those product labels to consumers in the state.

Common Carrier Status: Approved destination state for both on-site and off-site direct-to-consumer wine shipments from a licensed winery who has signed a “wine shippers agreement” with one or both carriers.

* This list does NOT include states that are approved for on-site shipments made on behalf of a consumer who purchases the wine on the premises of the winery.  You can find a list of states approved for on-site shipments to consumers from a licensed winery at FedEx and UPS.

Direct-to-Consumer (DTC): Refers to a shipment of wine sent from a winery to a consumer’s home or work for the consumer’s own personal use.

Federal On-Site: In November of 2002, President George W. Bush signed the Department of Justice Appropriations Authorization Act, which included a provision allowing wine, purchased while visiting a winery, to be shipped to another state. Purchases must be in accordance with state law in that the consumer could have legally carried the same amount of wine back on their person as the winery is now able to ship to the consumer. This does not allow the consumer to join a wine club or to make a purchase to be shipped at a later date.

Off-Site: Refers to shipments made on behalf of a consumer who places the order via phone, fax, or internet.

On-Site: Refers to shipments made on behalf of a customer who is places the order on the premises of the winery.

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